With the encouragement of US Senator John Sparkman, the U. Army Air Force considered this for a major testing facility, but then selected another site.

Redstone Arsenal was prepared for disposal, but Sparkman used his considerable Southern Democratic influence (the Solid South controlled numerous powerful chairmanships of congressional committees) to persuade the Army to choose it as a site for rocket and missile development.

The 1805 Treaty with the Chickasaws and the Cherokee Treaty of Washington of 1806 ceded native claims to the United States Government.

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Huntsville is the third-largest city in Alabama and the largest city in the five-county Huntsville-Decatur-Albertville, AL Combined Statistical Area, which at the 2013 census estimate had a total population of 683,871.

It grew across nearby hills north of the Tennessee River, adding textile mills, then munitions factories, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the United States Army Aviation and Missile Command nearby at the Redstone Arsenal.

In 1811, Huntsville became the first incorporated town in Alabama.

However, the recognized "birth" year of the city is 1805, the year of John Hunt's arrival. During the Great Depression, the house was measured to be included in the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) Archive and was photographed by Frances Benjamin Johnston, but it had been abandoned for years and was considerably deteriorated.

A combination of factors, including depopulation due to disease, land disputes between the Choctaw and Cherokee, and pressures from the United States government had largely depopulated the area prior to 1805.

That year Revolutionary War veteran John Hunt settled in the land around the Big Spring.In some of these, workers were required to buy goods at the company stores, which sometimes overcharged them.The mill owners could throw out workers from housing if they violated policies about behavior.Eight generals of the war were born in or near Huntsville, evenly split with four on each side.On the morning of April 11, 1862, Union troops led by General Ormsby M.The 44 delegates meeting there wrote a constitution for the new state of Alabama.