1-4), their culture, manner of speech, dress, and customs were quite similar to those of the Scots and English living in the counties bordering England and Scotland, i.e., the English shires of Cumberland, Westmoreland, and parts of Lancashire on the western side of the Penninines, North Umberland, Durham, the northern part of Yorkshire, and the Scottish counties of Ayr, Renfrew, Lanark, Dumfries, Wigtown, Kirkculbright, Roxburgh, and Berwick. (David Hacker Fisher, Albion’s Seed, New York: Oxford University Press, 1989, pp. 23-25.) The majority was comprised of agricultural workers and general laborers. By 1701 smallpox and other communicable diseases against which the tribes had no immunity had reduced their numbers to one-sixth.621-622.) Some of the Scotch-Irish resented the designation. Dunaway, Scotch Irish in Colonial Pennsylvania, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1944, p. The largest tribe that had settled in Alamance had been the Sissipahaw, a branch of the Sioux family that crossed the Mississippi River centuries before.

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In September 1723 an Anglican minister George Ross wrote from New Castle, Delaware: “They call themselves Scotch-Irish — and the bitterest railers against the church [of England] that ever trod upon American grounds.” (Quoted in James G.

Leyburn, The Scotch-Irish: A Social History, Second Edition, Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 2002, p. ) and he replyed and said ay you, you Rogue, for which doing ile whip you and make my Wife whipp to whipp you, and I answered if ever I have abused (you) at any time, or to any bodies hearing, I will give you full satisfaction to your own Content.

Others whose suggestions are much appreciated and deserving of a pat on the back, a high five, and gold star in their permanent record include John Caldwell (California), founder of webpage, Tom Caldwell (Australia), David Caldwell (Manitoba), Gwen Caldwell Quickel (Texas), Plunkett Caldwell (Ireland), Brian Caldwell (Scotland), Barbara Randolph (Kansas), and Marilyn Janda (Alabama), editor, Caldwell Family Newsletter. They raised fat pigs and lean children, harvested crops and hunted game, girdled trees and guzzled corn liquor. Caldwell was recognized as one of the south’s foremost educators. 399.) Almost all of the Presbyterian ministers in the south until then were graduates of or had taught at his Log College.

These salvation seekers split Sundays between scripture, sermons, sedition, and socializing. David Caldwell became a leader of the anti-federalist Republican Party in North Carolina and was among the first to speak at a North Carolina convention in 1788 to determine whether North Carolina would vote to adopt the Federal Constitution that lacked a Bill of Rights that his fellow backcountry Piedmont farmers and he were determined to have. Historian Burton Alva Konkle, 1861-1944, said that Caldwell “was one of the greatest natural teachers that America has ever produced,” and that his school was “a veritable ‘seminary’ to the whole South.” (Burton Alva Konkle, John Motley Morehead and the Development of North Carolina, 1796-1866, Spartanburg, S. Graduates of the Log College included five future governors of southern states, numerous U. senators and congressmen, physicians, lawyers, and over 50 ministers. Among those who graduated from or taught at the Log College were the ministers that initiated the Second Great Awakening, beginning with revivals in 1791 in Guilford County, North Carolina, then 1801 at Logan County, Kentucky and 1802 at Cane Ridge, Tennessee.

The waters abounded with beavers, otters, and muskrats.

(John Lawson, A New Voyage to Carolina, edited by Hugh Talmadge Tefler, Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1967; Robert W.The vast majority was Presbyterian Scotch-Irish [2] relocating from Pennsylvania at the end of the seven year French and Indian War, through a five-hundred mile corridor along the Appalachian mountains.Their journey took them across swollen rivers, muddy banks, ridges, ruts, and roots, south past Maryland and Virginia, to the cool parasol pines of the Piedmont backcountry of North Carolina, distal from the sun-scorched Atlantic littoral.A Light in the Wilderness David Andrew Caldwell Copyright (c) 2002, 2006 David A. Calhoon, Professor of Colonial North Carolina History, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, North Carolina, each of whom kindly provided me information and encouragement. The proud members of these congregations dwelled in humble log cabins. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS My father, Isaac Pearson Caldwell, Jr., grew up in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, and loved to tell me stories about Rev. My mother, Elisabeth, of Scotch-Irish and Pennsylvania-German descent, grew up in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and encouraged me to learn more about that County’s early settlers. I acknowledge the assistance of Marie Morrison, church historian of the Rocky River Presbyterian Church, North Carolina; Barry Robertson, church historian of Caldwell Parish Church, Uplawmoor, Scotland, and Robert M. Hugh Mc Aden installed 42 year-old David Caldwell as minister of two Presbyterian congregations at Buffalo and Alamance deep in the Piedmont backcountry of North Carolina, in what is now Greensboro, North Carolina.The Great Wagon Road (originally a buffalo trail) was used by most Scotch-Irish migrating from Pennsylvania through the Shenandoah Valley, between the Allegheny Mountains to the west and the Blue Ridge mountains to the east, into North Carolina. Chiswell (Chissel), where roads converged from Philadelphia and Richmond.