The Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, two empires and a domestic dictatorship occurred through the 19th century.The dictatorship was overthrown in the Mexican Revolution of 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system.The most powerful rulers had religious and political power, organizing construction of large ceremonial centers developed.

This meaning ("Place at the Center of the Moon") might refer to Tenochtitlan's position in the middle of Lake Texcoco.

The system of interconnected lakes, of which Texcoco formed the center, had the form of a rabbit, which the Mesoamericans pareidolically associated with the Moon.

the country is the eleventh most populous and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world while being the second most populous nation in Latin America.

Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and a special federal entity that is also its capital and most populous city.

However, one attestation in the late 16th-century manuscript known as "the Bancroft dialogues" suggests the second vowel was short, so that the true etymology remains uncertain.

The suffix -co is the Nahuatl locative, making the word a place name. It has been suggested that it is derived from Mextli or Mēxihtli, a secret name for the god of war and patron of the Mexica, Huitzilopochtli, in which case Mēxihco means "Place where Huitzilopochtli lives".

The official name of the country has changed as the form of government has changed.

The declaration of independence signed on November 6, 1813 by the deputies of the Congress of Anáhuac called the territory América Septentrional (Northern America).

It is generally considered to be a toponym for the valley which became the primary ethnonym for the Aztec Triple Alliance as a result, or vice versa.

After New Spain won independence from Spain, representatives decided to name the new country after its capital, Mexico City.

Other metropolises include Guadalajara, León, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, and Tijuana.