Certain factors may increase teens’ risk of experiencing and perpetrating teen dating violence.

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This chapter provides a variable-oriented examination of the literature, within which the relevance of each variable to the roles of perpetrator and victim will be reviewed.

Only studies that have researched populations aged between 10 and 18 are included here, in order to ensure that the focus is on adolescence as defined in Chapter 1.

One important goal of research on teen dating violence is to understand which youth are more vulnerable to experiencing violence in their relationships.

Identifying youth at risk for violence increases the likelihood of early intervention and prevention.

Perhaps more surprisingly, however, this field of research has typically approached the role of victim and perpetrator separately rather than in unison, despite the evidence presented that these roles tend to co-occur.

Moreover, the examination of factors that decrease the likelihood of ADV in the context of risk is considerably less well evolved.By understanding both risk and protective factors, practitioners will be better placed to understand and assess risk (see Chapter 4) and to develop evidence-based primary and secondary interventions (see Chapter 5).Consequently, the aim of this chapter is to provide a critical examination of the most commonly identified risk and protective factors for involvement in adolescent dating violence.Multiple risk factors and protective factors may be at play within a relationship.Researchers have begun to focus on identifying which risk factors and protective factors most strongly relate to teen dating violence.If you experience abuse in a relationship, get help immediately.