Romania was occupied and a harsh peace treaty was signed in May 1918. Total military and civilian losses from 1916 to 1918, within contemporary borders, were estimated at 748,000.

In the other parts, many small local states with varying degrees of independence developed, but only under Basarab I and Bogdan I the larger principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia would emerge in the 14th century to fight the threat of the Ottoman Empire.

By 1541, the entire Balkan peninsula and most of Hungary had been conquered and integrated into the Ottoman Empire.

It has an area of 238,397 square kilometres (92,046 sq mi) and a temperate-continental climate.

With almost 20 million inhabitants, the country is the seventh most populous member state of the European Union.

The Carpathian Mountains, which cross Romania from the north to the southwest, include Moldoveanu, at 2,544 m (8,346 ft).

Modern Romania was formed in 1859 through a personal union of the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia.

Its capital and largest city, Bucharest, is the sixth-largest city in the EU, with 1,883,425 inhabitants as of 2011.

The River Danube, Europe's second-longest river, rises in Germany and flows in a general southeast direction for 2,857 km (1,775 mi), coursing through ten countries before emptying into Romania's Danube Delta.

) is a sovereign state located in Southeastern Europe.