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It is important to use the appropriate antibiotic (established by laboratory antibiotic sensitivity tests).

This procedure does require a degree of knowledge and skill.

The key to successful treatment of bacterial disease is early, accurate diagnosis and treatment.

If treatment is delayed it can lead to substantial losses.

As it usually involves sedating the fish for every treatment it can be very time-consuming, particularly if large numbers of fish are involved.

If a koi hobbyist keeps go-sanke long enough it only a matter of time before he/she comes across the skin disease called Hikui.

This is particularly relevant to koi ponds, which, for a variety of reasons, are often susceptible to outbreaks of bacterial disease.

As you might have guessed, in general most of the bacterial diseases that affect ornamental fish are caused by opportunistic bacteria.

Bacterial fish diseases and infections are very common in fish keeping and are probably one of the hardest health problems to deal with effectively.

However, with a basic understanding of how bacteria cause disease and how to recognize bacterial infections it is possible to deal successfully with the majority of problems.

The series was adapted by Sunrise from the manga Kekkaishi by Yellow Tanabe.