), officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west.In 1692, the town of Salem and surrounding areas experienced one of America's most infamous cases of mass hysteria, the Salem witch trials.

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Adams was highly involved in the push for separation from Britain and the writing of the Constitution of Massachusetts in 1780 which, in the Elizabeth Freeman and Quock Walker cases, effectively made Massachusetts the first state to have a constitution that declared universal rights and, as interpreted by Supreme Judicial Court Chief Justice William Cushing, abolished slavery.

David Mc Cullough points out that an equally important feature was its placing for the first time the courts as a co-equal branch separate from the executive.

The Massachusetts Bay banished dissenters such as Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams due to religious and political disagreements.

In 1636, Williams founded the colony of Rhode Island and Hutchinson joined him there several years later. Among those who objected to this later in the century were the English Quaker preachers Alice and Thomas Curwen, who were publicly flogged and imprisoned in Boston in 1676.

This was the second successful permanent English colony in the part of North America that later became the United States, after the Jamestown Colony.

The event known as the "First Thanksgiving" was celebrated by the Pilgrims after their first harvest in the New World which lasted for three days.

The state is named after the Massachusett tribe, which once inhabited the east side of the area.

The capital of Massachusetts and the most populous city in New England is Boston.

On the coast, Salem became a center for privateering.